How To Measure Recruitment KPI Metrics

March 28, 2023

how to measure recruitment kpi metrics

Regardless of the size or industry of a business, measuring recruitment KPI metrics is essential to improving the recruitment process, attracting the best candidates, and staying competitive in the talent market.

In this article, we discuss what recruitment KPI metrics are, why they matter, and how to measure them in a systematic, data-driven way.

What are recruitment KPI metrics?

Recruitment KPIs are quantifiable measurements used to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of an organization's recruitment process. These metrics help companies track and assess the entire recruitment process, from sourcing potential candidates to onboarding successful hires.

By monitoring recruitment KPIs, organizations can identify any bottlenecks or inefficiencies in the recruitment process and make data-driven decisions to improve it.

Recruitment KPIs also help measure the success of various recruitment strategies and initiatives - such as job postings and employee referral programs - and provide a framework to optimize the ROI of recruitment efforts.

Why are recruitment KPI metrics important?

Measuring recruitment KPI metrics is essential for companies to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of recruitment. Some of the key benefits include:

Improved recruitment process: measuring KPIs allows an organization to evaluate its recruitment process, identify strengths and weaknesses and optimize its approach.

Reduced recruitment costs: by tracking recruitment spending and time-to-hire metrics, companies can identify areas of inefficiency and reduce the cost of recruitment.

Better talent acquisition: measuring recruitment KPIs helps companies attract and hire the best talent by ensuring they use the most effective recruitment channels.

Enhanced candidate experience: organizations can use recruitment KPIs to improve the candidate experience, creating a positive impression of the company and increasing the likelihood of attracting high-quality talent.

Improved business outcomes: tracking recruitment KPIs allows companies to measure the impact of their recruitment process on business outcomes such as employee retention and productivity, helping them make data-driven decisions that align with overall business goals.

Which recruitment KPI metrics should you measure?

how to measure recruitment kpi metrics

What you measure will depend on the size of your company and its recruitment objectives. Small businesses with limited staffing requirements may focus on just one or two data sources, while larger organizations with more complex recruitment needs may track a wider range of metrics.

Here are some common recruitment KPIs you might consider.

1. Time-to-fill

Time-to-fill measures how many days it takes to fill a job opening, from the time the job is posted until the new hire starts. It's essential to track because a long time-to-fill can result in lost productivity and revenue.

It could also be a sign of a problematic recruitment process, such as difficulties in finding qualified candidates, inefficient selection processes, or ineffective job postings.

2. Cost-per-hire

Cost-per-hire measures the total cost incurred by an organization to fill a job vacancy. This metric takes into account all expenditures related to recruitment, such as advertising fees, recruiter salaries and candidate travel costs.

By tracking cost-per-hire, organizations can optimize their recruitment process, reduce expenses, and ensure they’re allocating their recruitment budget effectively.

3. Source-of-hire

This metric tracks the origin of candidates who apply and are hired for a position. This can be through various channels such as job boards, employee referrals, social media, career fairs and recruitment agencies.

By analyzing source-of-hire data, organizations can determine which sourcing channels are most effective in attracting top quality candidates.

4. Offer acceptance rate

This is the percentage of job offers that are accepted by candidates. By analyzing the offer acceptance rate, organizations can identify areas for improvement and take steps to ensure that the best talent joins the company.

For example, a low offer acceptance rate may indicate a business needs to adjust its compensation and benefits package to be more competitive, or reevaluate its overall employer value proposition.

5. Candidate satisfaction

Here we’re talking about candidate experience and how happy applicants are with the overall recruitment process. This includes things like the ease of application, communication from the employer and the speed of selection.

This KPI can be measured through surveys and feedback forms issued to both successful and unsuccessful candidates.

6. Quality of hire

Quality of hire is a recruitment KPI that measures the effectiveness of an organization's recruitment process in hiring candidates who meet or exceed performance expectations.

To determine quality of hire, organizations can track metrics such as job performance and productivity using methods like performance evaluations, as well as tracking retention rates.

7. Hiring manager satisfaction

Hiring managers are critical stakeholders in recruitment and this KPI focuses on things like their satisfaction with the quality of candidates, the timeliness of the process, and the effectiveness of the recruitment team.

By prioritizing this metric, organizations can ensure that the recruitment process is aligned with the needs of the business and that hiring managers are equipped to make the best hiring decisions possible.

8. Time-to-hire for key positions

Much like time-to-fill, this recruitment KPI is all about how long it takes to fill a vacant position, from the initial job posting through to official appointment.

The only difference here is a focus on critical or high-priority positions, which can have a more damaging impact on business performance if left open for any period of time.

9. Interview-to-hire ratio

This is the number of candidates who are interviewed in relation to the number of candidates who are ultimately hired, and is a useful metric for streamlining recruitment to save time and resources.

For example, a high interview-to-hire ratio may indicate the need for more effective screening methods or more targeted interviewing techniques.

10. Applicant-to-hire ratio

As the number of applications received for every hire, this recruitment KPI is fairly easy to measure, and can offer insight into the effectiveness of things like recruitment marketing and job design.

A high applicant-to-hire ratio can indicate that the job requirements are too restrictive, that the recruitment process is too lengthy or complicated, or that the organization is not effectively reaching its target audience.

11. Diversity hiring

This KPI tracks the percentage of hires from diverse backgrounds and is an important part of diversity management in the workplace.

Understanding diversity hiring metrics helps organizations identify areas for improvement, like expanding recruitment efforts to more diverse communities, reevaluating job requirements to be more inclusive, and implementing diversity training for hiring managers.

12. Turnover rate

Turnover rate is the percentage of employees who leave the organization within a given time frame - typically a year - either voluntarily or involuntarily.

It’s an important metric to measure because high turnover rates can be costly for organizations in terms of recruiting and training new employees, and can also lead to decreased productivity and morale.

13. Offer-to-join ratio

Offer-to-join ratio measures the number of job offers made that actually result in a candidate joining the organization, and as a recruitment KPI helps employers spot potential issues that lead to candidate withdrawal.

A low offer-to-join ratio can indicate a mismatch between the candidate's expectations and the organization's reality, poor communication or engagement with the candidate during the hiring process, or a lack of clarity about the job requirements.

14. New hire retention rate

This is the percentage of new hires who stay with the organization for a specific period of time. A poor new hire retention rate is not only costly to an organization, it also indicates issues with the recruitment or onboarding process, such as unclear expectations or inadequate training.

Conversely, improving new hire retention rate can lead to a more productive and engaged workforce, reduced recruitment costs, and increased overall job satisfaction for new hires.

15. Employee referrals

This relates to new hires referred to the organization by current employees. Measuring this KPI can include tracking the number and percentage of new hires that come from employee referrals, as well as the performance of these hires compared to other hires.

Referrals can result in higher quality candidates, as employees are likely to refer individuals they believe are a good fit, with the necessary skills and experience.

16. Time-to-productivity

Finally, time to productivity is a recruitment KPI that looks at the timeframe between a new hire joining a business and becoming fully productive in their work.

Measuring time to productivity can include tracking the time it takes for new hires to complete training, become proficient in their roles, and begin contributing to the organization's goals.

How can you measure recruitment KPI metrics?

how to measure recruitment kpi metrics

1. Determine which metrics matter most

The first step in measuring recruitment KPIs is to identify the data that will prove most valuable to the business. Consider the goals of your organization and the specific needs of your recruitment process to determine which metrics are most relevant.

For example, a company with high turnover may prioritize new hire retention rate, while a company that receives a high volume of applications may prioritize time-to-hire.

2. Set goals for each recruitment metric

Once you’ve identified the relevant recruitment metrics, set goals for each one. These goals should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART).

Setting SMART goals ensures that you have a clear target to work towards and can measure progress accurately. For example, if your organization aims to reduce the time it takes to hire a new employee, you may set a goal to reduce the average time-to-hire by 15% over the next six months.

3. Track data in a systematic way

Without a consistent tracking method, it’s impossible to monitor progress toward established goals, identify areas for improvement, or measure the effectiveness of different recruitment strategies, so be sure to have a systematic approach in place.

This may involve using an applicant tracking system (ATS) or other software to record and manage data at each stage of the hiring process.

4. Use automation tools where possible

This can greatly improve the accuracy and efficiency of measuring recruitment KPI metrics, with automation tools streamlining the process and reducing the administrative workload for recruiters and hiring managers.

Automation tools also help eliminate errors that can occur during manual data entry, ensure all relevant data is captured consistently and provide real-time reports for quick analysis.

5. Analyze results & take necessary action

Careful analysis of recruitment data allows for informed decision-making and targeted improvements. Be sure to communicate the results and any necessary actions to relevant stakeholders, such as recruiters and hiring managers.

This critical step will help you identify trends and patterns, which can inform ongoing recruitment efforts and lead to continuous process improvement.

6. Take data-driven actions

Finally, taking data-driven actions is the key to improving recruitment KPI metrics. This may involve implementing new recruitment strategies or adjusting existing processes based on the results of your data analysis.

For example, if your analysis shows that the majority of your qualified candidates come from referrals, you may consider developing a stronger employee referral program.

Be sure to continue tracking data and adjusting your recruitment process as needed to ensure ongoing improvement.